Archive for the ‘Middle East’ Category

THE United States has ordered more ships and warplanes to the Gulf as allied  commanders in Washington and London have been quietly shortening the odds on  conflict with Iran this summer.

At the weekend, 100 members of the  Tehran parliament signed a motion for a new law to empower Iranian naval and  Revolutionary Guard units to attack tankers carrying non-Iranian oil and  particularly those destined for the United States.

Yesterday, the Revolutionary Guard is reported to have test-fired a ballistic  missile capable of striking Israel. The medium-range Shahab-3 missile was fired  at a mock target in the Kavir Desert, according to Iran’s Al-Alam TV  network.

These moves follow the implementation of tougher sanctions against Iran  because of its nuclear programme, which most western intelligence agencies now  believe is aimed at producing a viable nuclear-tipped ballistic missile  soon.

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Hillary Rodham Clinton Secretary of State

Ministerial Conference Center
Paris, France
July 6, 2012

(In progress) because the Friends of Syria has been a very useful device to build pressure against the Syrian regime and to build international support for the Syrian people.

For more than a year, those who spoke for the Syrian opposition said they did not want any foreign intervention. And we respected that. And it is something that we took seriously. Starting in Tunis and then in Istanbul and now in Paris, we are focused on determining what we can do to try to hasten the end of this regime and to provide the circumstances for an effective process of transition and reconciliation.

What was accomplished in Geneva by the action group was, for the very first time, to enlist not only all five permanent members of the Security Council including Russia and China, but also important leaders in the region and in the Arab League in support of such a transition. The issue now is to determine how best to put into action what was accomplished there and is continuing here. And I really hope everyone reads the communique from Geneva, because for example, one of the earlier speakers from Syria expressed concern there was nothing about political prisoners. Well, indeed there is. And a call for the release from detention. So it would be very helpful to get everybody on the same page if we’re going to work together about what we have already done and what we need to be doing as we move forward.

In 2002, sixty prominent American intellectuals released an open letter defending the use of military force against al-Qa’ida. The letter sparked an impassioned international debate unlike any other, in which jihadists, journalists, liberal Muslims, and German pacifists engaged one another on the most pressing issues of our time: terrorism, U.S. policy, and Islam-West relations.
A valuable resource for specialist and non-specialist alike, this volume chronicles that debate and includes contributions from both sides of the political spectrum in America and the Middle East-and even from al-Qa’ida.


Gathered here in one place is a remarkably comprehensive display of the clashes—some strident, some more thoughtful—over “the clash of civilizations.” There is no substitute for listening to both friends and enemies having their say in their own words. Following September 11, the question was frequently asked, “Why do they hate us so?” The Islam/West Debate is a good place to find out. But be warned that finding out will not necessarily, will not probably, result in greater hopefulness about alleviating disagreements. (First Things )
Book by David Blankenhorn (Editor), Abdou Filali-Ansary (Editor), Hassan I. Mneimneh (Editor), Alex Roberts (Editor)

This work represents an ambitious, controversial, revisionist examination of a number of important terroristic events of the past thirty years. It focuses, principally, upon the critical Israeli/Palestinian struggle that has, in many ways, defined thought and action about the terrorist phenomenon. Alternatives are explored here as what is suggested has been a well-organized, clandestine struggle by Israel to contain what otherwise might have proven an insupportable burden for that nation to have carried on its own.

Book by H. H. A. Cooper and Lawrence J. Redlinger

Selected by Choice magazine as an Outstanding Academic Title
Since the first airplane hijacking by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine in September 1970, Middle Eastern terrorists have sacrificed innocent human lives in the name of ideology. From Black September to the Munich Olympics, to the embassy bombing in Beirut, to the devastating attacks of September 11 and beyond, terrorism has emerged as the most important security concern of our time.
“Where did this come from?” Inspired by a student’s question on the morning of September 11, 2001, Mark Ensalaco has written a thoroughly researched narrative account of the origins of Middle Eastern terrorism, addressing when and why terrorists started targeting Americans and American interests and what led to the September 11 attacks.
Ensalaco reveals the changing of motivations from secular Palestinian nationalism to militant Islam and demonstrates how competition among terrorists for resources and notoriety has driven them to increasingly extreme tactics. As he argues, terrorist attacks grew from spectacle to atrocity. Drawing on popular works and scholarly sources, Middle Eastern Terrorism tells this story in rich detail and with great clarity and insight.

Book by Mark Ensalaco
Despite the daily news coverage of chronic unrest in the Middle East, many students remain confused about this tangled and politically charged situation. UXL’s “Middle East Conflict Reference Library” is designed to meet the pressing need for a lucid, comprehensive and objective overview of the people, events and documents that are key to understanding the region. “Primary Sources” includes many key documents, including: the Balfour Declaration; U.N. General Resolution 181; the Camp David Accords; the Oslo Peace Agreement; and others.
Book by Sara Pendergast
After the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, a stunned public asked: How could this happen? Why did the attackers do what they did? What did they hope to accomplish?
This wasn’t the first battle in a conflict that has included bombings of U.S. embassies and planes, the Iran hostage crisis, and kidnappings or shootings of American citizens. This unique volume sets out to answer these questions using the unfiltered words of the terrorists themselves.
Over many decades, radical forces in the Middle East have changed and evolved, yet their basic outlook and anti-Western views have remained remarkably consistent. Barry Rubin and Judith Colp Rubin have assembled nearly one hundred key documents, charting the evolution of radical Middle East movements, their anti-Americanism, and Western policy response. The buildup to the battle between a world superpower and Middle East revolutionaries is brought dramatically to life. Among the documents included are the charters of such organizations as Hizballah, Hamas, and World Islamic Front; speeches by Syrian president Hafiz al-Asad and former Iraqi president Saddam Hussein; al-Qa’ida recruitment materials; and terrorist training manuals. The book also shows and analyzes the often conflicting and deeply conflicted responses to September 11 by journalists, clerics, and activists in the Arab world.
Supplemented by an annotated chronology, a glossary of terms, and sections that put each selection in context, this comprehensive reference serves not only as essential historical background to the ongoing aftermath of the September 11 attacks, but more generally as an invaluable framework for understanding a long-term, continuing conflict that has caused many crises for the United States.
Book by Barry Rubin (Editor), Judith Colp Rubin (Editor)